Nanda Approved Nursing Diagnoses
Acute pain, chronic pain, risk for infection, diarrhea, constipation, ineffective breathing pattern and ineffective tissue perfusion related to decreased cardiac output, increase capillary pressure and fluid volume deficit.
Acute confusion can be treated with cold laser therapy. Readiness for enhanced knowledge regarding health behaviors related to self-care management as evidenced by verbalization of desire to be educated about disease process and self-care management techniques willingness to participate in learning opportunities
Nanda Approved Nursing Diagnoses
1 Acute pain.
Acute pain. Pain that occurs suddenly or quickly, is sharp in quality, and tends to last a short time. Acute pain can be caused by injury, disease or surgery.
2 Chronic pain.
- Chronic pain is a type of pain that lasts for more than three months. It can be caused by an injury, or it could be the result of an illness like arthritis.
- Cold laser therapy has been shown to help relieve chronic pain.
3 Risk for infection.
Risk for infection is a nursing diagnosis that occurs when the immune system is not working properly. The body is unable to fight off infections, making this a common cause of illness.
Diarrhea is a common symptom of many diseases and disorders, including infections, food poisoning, side effects from medications, chronic inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Diarrhea can also be a sign of a serious illness such as cancer.
As defined by Nanda, constipation is having fewer than three bowel movements per week. The causes of constipation vary from person to person and can include:
- Not enough fiber in your diet
- Not enough fluids in your diet
- Lack of exercise (physical activity) or not enough physical activity for you. As a general rule, 20 minutes or more daily aerobic exercise helps to keep the colon moving and prevent constipation from developing. If you have problems with chronic constipation that are not resolved by increasing your fluid intake, drinking more water may help relieve some symptoms of bloating.
- Medications that slow down gut motility (the speed at which food passes through the intestines). These include opioids such as codeine and drugs used for Parkinson’s disease such as levodopa-carbidopa (such as Sinemet®). Constipation can also be caused by certain diseases including hypothyroidism; diabetes mellitus; irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis; anorectal malformations affecting children who were born prematurely; spinal cord injury or other neurological disorders affecting spine function; pregnancy-related conditions such as postpartum hemorrhage after childbirth where blood loss occurs rapidly over several hours
6 Ineffective breathing pattern.
The respiratory pattern is a normal process that is regulated by the respiratory center in the brain. The respiratory system consists of your lungs, airways, and chest wall muscles. Breathing is necessary for life because it brings oxygen into your body to fuel all of its activities.
Breathing should be smooth and regular; however, some people have abnormal breathing patterns that can lead to serious health problems or death if not treated properly. Ineffective breathing pattern can occur in any age group but tends to be more common among older adults because decreased activity level often causes them not to breathe deeply enough for their body’s needs or they become too sedentary as they age; this increases their risk for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
7 Ineffective tissue perfusion related to decreased cardiac output, increase capillary pressure and fluid volume deficit.
Ineffective tissue perfusion related to decreased cardiac output, increase capillary pressure and fluid volume deficit.
Inadequate tissue perfusion is the inability of the circulatory system to deliver an adequate amount of oxygen to the tissues. This can result in hypoxemia (decreased blood oxygen), acidosis (increase in waste products in the body), or both.
8 Impaired gas exchange related to blood gas disturbances, as evidenced by increased oxygen demand of extra cellular fluid and accumulation of carbon dioxide in the body tissues.
Carbon dioxide is a waste product of cell metabolism. It is transported to the lungs in the blood, where it is exchanged for oxygen. The carbon dioxide is then transported back to the tissues in the blood, where it is used by the tissues to make more glucose (blood sugar).
9 Acute confusion.
Acute confusion is a sudden onset of confusion that is not caused by a disorder of the mind. It is a common problem in hospitals and often occurs when medication dosages are changed or combined with other medications. Acute confusion can be treated with medications, but it may also indicate an underlying condition that requires more careful evaluation.
To use this diagnosis, you must:
- Be able to describe what acute confusion looks like
- Be able to identify signs and symptoms related to acute confusion
10 Anticipatory grieving.
Anticipatory grieving is a normal process in which you are aware that you will experience grief and you anticipate this loss. You may also be experiencing grief for more than one person, such as a parent or spouse.
Anticipatory grief can be difficult to deal with, especially if it is unresolved. In some cases, anticipatory grief can lead to depression that requires professional treatment. If therapy is not enough to treat your depression because of your anticipatory grief problems, your doctor might prescribe medication to help ease the symptoms of depression associated with this type of grieving process.
In other cases where both therapy and medication are necessary for treating an individual’s condition associated with anticipatory grieving successfully, psychotherapy sessions may be followed by antidepressant medications prescribed by doctors who specialize in mental health care issues such as these ones at [DEPARTMENT].
11 Readiness for enhanced knowledge regarding health behaviors related to self-care management, as evidenced by verbalization of the desire to be educated about disease process and self-care management techniques, and willingness to participate in learning opportunities.
Readiness for enhanced knowledge regarding health behaviors related to self-care management, as evidenced by verbalization of the desire to be educated about disease process and self-care management techniques, and willingness to participate in learning opportunities.
Self-Care Management: The ability to manage one’s own medical condition(s) and health needs in order to optimize quality of life. Self care includes taking medications as prescribed; following diet restrictions; performing daily hygiene tasks; managing stress; participating in physical activities that promote good health, such as exercise or relaxation techniques.
12 Chronic pain can be treated with cold laser therapy
Chronic pain can be treated with cold laser therapy.
Cold laser therapy is a non-invasive treatment that helps relieve chronic pain by using cold lasers to stimulate cellular energy in order to reduce inflammation and improve blood circulation. The treatment is also effective for managing other conditions, such as low back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome and arthritis. It’s safe to use on all ages and genders without any side effects or complications.
Nursing diagnoses are the vocabulary of nursing practice. They help nurses communicate with each other and other health professionals about the problems they encounter in caring for patients. The NANDA-Approved Nursing Diagnoses list names over 1,300 diagnoses approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA). This list is used by health care providers to identify and treat common conditions that affect people from all walks of life.